Use fresh, descriptive words that go against rote thinking. The Kathleen Jones White Writing Center provides tutoring services, workshops, and writing resources. Toggle navigation Indiana University of Pennsylvania. A—Z Index Find People. Writing Resources. Organization and Structure. Creating an Outline. Determining a Thesis.
The link between clear, logical organization and effective communication is powerful, both for . This pattern is particularly effective when writing a persuasive document in which the Again, notice that either method could work equally well. Planning on a method of organizing your essay will help you determine how to write it. A clear thesis will give your essay purpose and direction.
Writing Strong Introductions. Writing Strong Conclusions. Using Transitions. Dealing with Organizational Problems. More Information on Structure and Organization.
Descriptive Writing. Supporting Your Ideas. Descriptive Writing Descriptive writing has a unique power and appeal, as it evokes sights, smells, sounds, textures, and tastes. Creating A Dominant Impression The first step in using effective description is to focus on a dominant impression.
Sensory Details Sensory description uses sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste to sketch an impression in writing. Vivid vs. Vague Language The sensory details you select in your writing should create for your reader the same picture you have in your mind. Vague Vivid The food was unappetizing.
The pale turkey slices floated limply in a pool of murky fat. The sprinkler was refreshing. The cool water from the sprinkler sprayed our hot faces. The traffic was heavy.
KrisWithaK on August 12, at pm. Are your points roughly parallel, each point covering a comparable amount of material? This might be a reason people find the topic interesting or important, or it might be a statement about something the two subjects have in common. That outline will serve as the map for your writing and will keep you from getting off track and rambling. But it does mean that we can find….
Our old car puffed as Main Street became clogged with a line of clamoring motorists. Vary Sentence Structure When using descriptive language, it is important to vary your sentence structure. This is where he is building his case for boredom as a legitimate topic of academic discussion, and then he finally dives into the content of his essay.
Here, with the introduction of his thesis, he is demanding that his readers take the subject seriously, telling them outright that boredom is not a joke and he is not about to treat it casually. He used the device of storytelling to give a light-hearted, interest-sparking appeal to his essay, only to later disallow the topic to be treated in a flippant way at all.
Todd really needed to jolt the reader like this in order to force him to take seriously a topic that many understand as being frustrating but benign. He cites various studies and scientific figures as a means of building his case for the deeply-impacting negative effects of boredom, outlining what a truly serious and potentially devastating problem it really is.
He also directly addresses the seeming paradox of boredom becoming such a prevalent plague in a society which is constantly bombarded with various forms of stimulation and ever-experience-enhancing advancing technology. In fact, through his carefully presented research and thoroughly articulated arguments, Todd is able to effectively show the reader just how it is those very elements are what is causing, promoting, and perpetuating this increasingly threatening downward spiral of aimless boredom.
Maybe an analogy will help here. I know where every tool and ingredient is in my kitchen, and I can cook pretty efficiently.
When I begin a recipe, I bring out all the ingredients, measure them, and line them up in the order in which I'll use them. Even complicated recipes seem fairly easy once I have everything laid out, and the organization gives me some sense of control. In the chaos of my garage, on the other hand, I don't know where anything is, and I'll leave a faucet dripping for a week because I don't want to hunt down a screwdriver or a wrench. I find it hard even to imagine more complicated projects.
Thinking and acting are both harder when things are disorganized. The same principle affects you and me as writers and readers. When things are laid out in some sort of order, we can work with them more easily. If we can impose some kind of order on information, the information is easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember.
If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern for a single paragraph, and also for a whole essay , you find it easier to select details and choose transitions, and you also help your reader discover relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. Humor me for a moment and agree that organization is really desirable, both in the process of writing and in the product of writing.
The remaining problem is figuring out how to create or impose that organization.
My garage is such a mess that I can't see beyond the clutter, but other people have neat garages, so I know a clean garage is possible. I just need to choose some principle of organization. I could start by putting all the lawn and garden stuff on the left wall and all the house maintenance stuff on the right wall. Or I could arrange everything in alphabetical order, hanging or standing the stuff clockwise from the left wall, around the back, and then back along the right wall.
Or I could put supplies on one wall, power tools on another, and manual hand tools on the third. Or I could have a section for gardening, a section for lawn care, a section for exterior house maintenance, and another for interior house maintenance. Maybe I could arrange them in order of frequency of use if I ever used any of it. It's the same with writing. With any given group of ideas and details, you might use any of a number of principles of organization, and any one of them would help you and your reader. Some will be better than others, of course I really can't see alphabetizing the tools and supplies in my garage, even though it would make them easier to find later.
The main trick to imposing organization is to know some options and to choose one. I don't want to organize my garage, because I don't want to do any work around the house to begin with. Leaving the place a mess suits me fine.