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Contrary to these NGO claims, the right of self-defense does not solely emanate from Article 51 but is rooted in customary international law. See, e. United States of America. Merits, Judgment. The NGOs adopting this approach fail to recognize the full implications of their claims that Israel is not entitled to use force under Article 51 because Israel is not fighting another state.

Under the principle of the Lotus case , states are entitled to engage in any action that is not specifically barred by international law. NGO interpretations of Article 51 are wrong. Nevertheless, even if Israel needed to invoke rights of self-defense, NGO interpretations of Article 51 are simply wrong. Human Rights Watch, Gisha, and Physicians for Human Rights-Israel unreservedly condemn the Palestinian rocket and other attacks against Israeli civilians, such as the mortar attack that killed a civilian in Kfar Aza on May 9, which violate the international legal prohibition against attacks that deliberately target or indiscriminately harm civilians.

However, unlawful attacks by one side to a conflict do not permit unlawful actions — in this case collective punishment — by the other. The organizations claiming that there is such a doctrine cannot point to any case or legal source supporting such a doctrine. This is because the measures taken by Israel i. Significantly, these reports make no realistic suggestions of what would be considered lawful and effective measures.

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We condemn all indiscriminate rocket attacks on Israel from Gaza. Israel has the right and obligation to protect its citizens. The policy of blockade, punishing the entire civilian population of Gaza for the acts of a few, is a collective punishment, which is unacceptable and violates international law. Israel has under its right to self-defence claimed its right to take both preventive and reactive actions, including the use of force, in respect of threats coming from the Gaza Strip.

Israel must immediately end its military attacks on occupied Palestinian territories, which includes the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Oxfam May Oxfam, like others, believes that the interpretation of the [Government of Israel] is frequently carried too far.

Israel has the right and the duty to protect the security of its citizens and to defend its territory. While Palestinian resistance activities were stopped, including firing home-made rockets into Israeli towns, IOF implemented the first part of the deal by stopping killings of Palestinian resistance activists , but did not commit to the other part of the deal.

On the other side, Palestinian resistance groups fired a number of home-made rockets into Israeli towns.

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These operations not only terrorized, injured, or killed tens of thousands of Israelis, they also killed four Palestinian children and wounded several others when the rockets fell short of their intended Israeli targets. The Berkman Center has long been home to a number of cross-disciplinary initiatives that investigate privacy and privacy-relevant questions in the digitally networked environment. To this end, we offer research, resources, workshops, and other outputs focused on key privacy issues, aiming to pinpoint novel solutions to privacy problems that reconcile technological, legal, political, economic, and behavioral tensions and maximize capacity for innovative and effective uses of data and communications.

The Privacy Tools Project is a broad effort to advance a multidisciplinary understanding of data privacy issues and build computational, statistical, legal, and policy tools to help address these issues in a variety of contexts. Whether you want to gain experience with the technological tools that law practices and businesses rely on or develop expertise in the technology and privacy issues that face lawyers and clients, we can help you design a specialized degree track to meet your needs and career trajectory.

No matter what type of law you are interested in or what direction your career make take, your clients and you will be confronted by issues involving technology and privacy every day. Knowing the law and underlying policies is crucial to your employability. Our program attracts recent law graduates and practicing attorneys who desire a better understanding of information technology and privacy law.

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To accommodate the diverse needs and experiences of degree candidates, the program may be pursued full-time and completed over two semesters or completed part-time in less than five years. Our program attracts non-attorney professionals who desire a better understanding of information technology and privacy law.

To accommodate the diverse needs and experiences of degree candidates, the program may be pursued full time and completed over two semesters or completed part time in less than five years. The information privacy law course is offered as one of the courses that can be taken to obtain the Intellectual Property Law certificate. Protecting data and our information systems is of crucial importance to every employer, whether a private company or a public agency.

Prerequisites: Applicants must have earned an undergraduate degree from an accredited four-year college or university in the United States, or its equivalent from a foreign institution. The nationally-recognized Marquette University Intellectual Property and Technology Program fosters a rich learning environment dedicated to understanding intellectual property and technology law.

The program is anchored by students who are committed to becoming intellectual property lawyers. Students choose from over 15 different courses in the program, permitting them to develop course sequences tailored to their individual interests. Law of Privacy Course. Information Law Institute. As a venue for research and sharing ideas on societal impacts of information technology and digital media, the ILI promotes deeper understanding of key issues such as intellectual property, privacy, security, telecommunications, access-to-knowledge, technology design, civil liberties, Web 2.

CERIAS is unique among such national centers in its multidisciplinary approach to the problems, ranging from purely technical issues to ethical, legal, educational, communicational, linguistic, and economic issues, and the subtle interactions and dependencies among them. The new Interdisciplinary major prepares students who are interested in enriching their technical and scientific background in information security and combining it with preparation in a number of other disciplines.

Privacy Law Certificate. The privacy law certificate will be supported by several Santa Clara Law professors with privacy law expertise. High Tech Law Institute. Santa Clara Law School has a long tradition of leadership in the study of high tech and intellectual property law.

Institute for Privacy Protection. Technological change rapidly transforms entrenched social norms and modes of human interaction. These changes repeatedly place privacy at the center of social and legal debates. The Institute for Privacy Protection seeks to educate consumers and businesses and to provide inter-disciplinary forums to address emerging privacy issues.

This online law degree is designed for professionals at all levels who need to grapple with the implementation of complex privacy rules. Courses cover current laws and practices that impact privacy rights, and professionals who complete the coursework will be poised to recognize and respond to privacy risks within their organizations.

Knowledge of privacy laws and norms, coupled with awareness of cyber security issues, will enable employees to mitigate risk and proactively deal with threats. Certificate in Privacy Law and Cyber Security. Courses cover current laws and practices that impact privacy rights, development of privacy laws and norms, and cyber security issues. CIS provides law students and the general public with educational resources and analyses of policy issues arising at the intersection of law, technology and the public interest. Through the Fair Use Project and the Cyberlaw Clinic, CIS also provides legal representation to clients in matters that raise important issues of free expression, civil rights and technology.

CIS also sponsors a range of public events including a speakers series, conferences and workshops. Intellectual Property and Technology Law.

Colleges with Privacy Curricula

Moritz offers multiple advanced intellectual property courses focused on issues related to the Internet and technology and protecting both copyright and ownership of material as well as privacy. Program on Data and Governance. The curricular requirements emphasize depth and breadth of coverage and afford students substantial flexibility in adapting their course of study toward a range of career paths at the growing intersection of law and technology. Advancements in technology are driving unprecedented challenges for individual privacy. In response to these new and evolving challenges, the Privacy and Technology Project Privacy Project adopts a technology-oriented approach focused on developers and technology.

Silicon Flatirons' core mission is to elevate the debate surrounding technology policy issues; support and enable entrepreneurship in the technology community; and inspire, prepare, and place students in these important areas. Technology and IP lawyers focus on current issues in the rapidly growing fields of technology, science and health care. LLM students focus on transactional practices including copyright, trademark, patent , information privacy and cyber crime. Intellectual Property Law This program offers a variety of relevant courses, including:.

Certificate in Information Privacy Law. Candidates will earn the certificate through a combination of coursework, experiential learning, a writing project and certification through the IAPP. Master of Science in Information Technology: Information Assurance The specialization provides a practical understanding of the principles of data protection, network security and computer forensics. It also introduces the ethical, legal and policy issues associated with information security.

Courses include network and internet security, intrusion detection and prevention, computer forensics and cryptology and data protection. Cybersecurity Management and Policy Master's Degree Online Program The Master of Science in cybersecurity management and policy at University of Maryland University College can help you gain the tools you need to join the management track in cyber security so that you can establish, implement, and oversee a cyber security structure for an organization.

Learn how to create a security approach that combines technology, governance, and compliance perspectives. Gain advanced knowledge in organizational structures, communication, operational business processes, and the legal framework for cyber security policy. Cybersecurity Technology Master's Degree Online Program In the online Master of Science in cybersecurity technology program at University of Maryland University College, you'll learn how cyber security technology underpins the success of organizations and national critical infrastructures.

Modern executives need to be able to use that technology, as well as people and policy, to minimize risks while ensuring success for their organizations. They need to balance risks and opportunities holistically through an interdisciplinary lens. This innovative graduate program offers that wide perspective, providing a blend of people, policy, and technology skills to help prepare the modern digital strategists that organizations need.

College of Continuing and Professional Studies. Intellectual Property and Technology Law concentration.

Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law - New York, NY

Data Compliance Practicum. The enormous growth in the importance of data privacy law over the past ten years has created opportunities for attorneys with expertise in this fascinating and fast-moving field.

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The Data Privacy Practicum aims to prepare students who may wish to specialize in the area with real-world exposure to practice and credentials that demonstrate readiness for its challenges. View Now.

The course examines the legal doctrines of privacy and confidentiality used to protect personal information. The concentrations of Con Law and Civil Rights and IP, Technology and Cyberlaw allow JD candidates to take courses related to privacy such as information privacy, internet law and national security law.

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The focus of the course is to understand how emerging laws seek to protect privacy as new technologies and institutional practices emerge. The course examines the development of the right to privacy through Constitutional law, tort law, and emerging modern statutory law in areas such as marketing, financial services and healthcare.